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Women of Power and Influence in Ancient Egypt

Women of Power and Influence in Ancient EgyptWomen of Power and Influence in Ancient Egypt By Brian Alm

Brian Alm writes about the remarkable royal women of ancient Egypt who, out of duty or ambition, stepped beyond the ancient world’s traditional roles and shaped Egypt’s history.

Names include:-


Ankhenesmeryra and Neithiqerti

Hetepheres I


Khentkawes I









Cleopatra VII

Article in Nile Magazine

War & Trade With the Pharaohs

War and Trade with the Pharaohs
An Archaeological Study of Ancient Egypt’s Foreign Relations
By Garry J. Shaw

War & Trade with the Pharaohs explores Egypt’s connections with the wider world over the course of 3,000 years, introducing readers to ancient diplomacy, travel, trade, warfare, domination, and immigration – both Egyptians living abroad and foreigners living in Egypt.

It covers military campaigns and trade in periods of strength – including such important events as the Battle of Qadesh under Ramesses II and Hatshepsut’s trading mission to the mysterious land of Punt – and Egypt’s foreign relations during times of political weakness, when foreign dynasties ruled parts of the country.

From early interactions with traders on desolate desert tracks, to sunken Mediterranean trading vessels, the Nubian Kingdom of Kerma, Nile fortresses, the Sea Peoples, and Persian satraps, there is always a rich story to tell behind Egypt’s foreign relations.

Voyage to the Divine Union Feast

I’ve finally completed my reconstruction of Hathor’s sacred barge. I had to stop working on it for a while because I had become so familiar with its details I was unable to see its faults. When I returned to it after a few months I was able to see it with fresh eyes.

Voyage to the Divine Union Feast

Voyage to the Divine Union Feast

The picture depicts a moment in Hathor’s 106 mile journey from Dendara to the temple of Horus at Edfu, which she did each year to visit her husband Horus at the feast of the Divine Union. Each night the ceremonial barge, carrying the statues of the goddess, would stop off at towns and villages to rest in a barque station (a sort of ancient motel for the gods).

Blessing would have been bestowed on the local community and there would have been a welcoming celebration by the people.

The scene takes place in an unnamed town connected to the Nile by a cannel with its own chapel. The ceremonial barque, carrying the enclosed statue of the goddess, is aboard a cannel barge, manned by oarsmen. The passengers include the high priestess from the temple of Hathor and her entourage, some of whom are singing and playing musical instruments as the barge comes into dock.

On the dock-side are the local officials and their families who are there to greet the goddess. In the foreground between the two obelisks stand an old priest and next to him a large man who is probably the local mayor/headman. Behind them stand a line of young men, they are the litter bearers who will carry the sacred barque from the barge to the barque chapel.

To the right, on the dock steps are two boys – their heads are shaved and they wear the side lock of youth. I don’t think they are interested in the event and are focused on playing in the water.

The goddess would stay overnight at this place and bestow blessings on the town then next morning she would be loaded back onto the barge and sail to the next stop. This would be repeated until she arrived at her husband’s temple in Edfu then the festival of the Divine Union of Horus and Hathor would begin.

The Goddess Hathor

Hathor was one of the principal Egyptian divinities – the goddess of beauty, love and enjoyment (the Egyptian Venus)

Hathor took a number of forms; she was the divine wet Nurse indicting her role as nurse and wife of Horus. Sometimes she was shown as the sacred cow with the body of a human and head of a cow as the divine mother. Not to be confused with the goddess Nut she is sometime referred to as daughter of the sun. She held such a distinguished position in the Egyptian Pantheon the many Nomes (counties) devoted a cult of worship to her.

The festival Barque of Hathor part five

At the moment the scene is rather like a stage without actors – the next step is to populate the scene with ancient Egyptian people

The festival Barque of Hathor part five – I’ve created the scene which,  at the moment, is empty of people – rather like a stage without actors.

Firstly I want to have two statues of the Goddess Hathor standing at the entrance of the chapel. (see slide show below)

Now for the actors

On the path way that leads from the harbour to the chapel I’ll have a group of litter bearers waiting in line for the canal barge to dock. Their job is to carry the Goddess from the boat to the chapel.

This group will be headed by two town elders who will greet the goddess and her entourage of priestesses.

  • Making the statue of the Goddess Hathor to stand at the entrance of the chapel
    Making the statue of the Goddess Hathor to stand at the entrance of the chapel
Hathor part four
Hathor part three
Hathor part two
Hathor part one

Egyptian Hieroglyphics 2018

Egyptian Hieroglyphics 2018

This is a brand new version that now works on Windows 10, MAC, iPad, Android and all mobile phones.

There are more than 1100 Hieroglyphic illustrations including 450 Egyptian word examples and over 650 hieroglyphs from the Gardiner list.

Egyptian Hieroglyphics includes detailed information on the history of Egyptian writing and mathematics, the use of the different types of symbols, how to write your name, how to recognize kings names and the story of the scribe with a video showing how papyrus is made.

All the content can be printed including typewriter and calculator functions.

There are also navigation and search text functions.

The Hieroglyphic Typewriter and Math Calculator is included.

The Hieroglyphic Typewriter and Math Calculator is included. The on screen QWERTY keyboard incorporates alphabet and number symbols together with a selection of determinative signs. The keys include Latin symbols together with their hieroglyph equivalents and descriptions, which allow you to type messages naturally and at a glance see the translations.

Kids can quickly write names and short secret messages and then select print from the menu.

Fuming Vexed

Vexed is a classic game from the 1990s that proves as frustrating and addictive today as did the original release

This version is has 48 game packs each with 60 levels and five graphic theme packs representing Egyptian gods, Mayan art, Celtic art, Chinese characters and the classic symbol set.

Each puzzle consists of a grid of blocks, walls and blank spaces. The goal is to remove all the blocks to progress to the next level.