Rhind Mathematical Papyrus
The papyrus is a mathematics textbook, used by scribes to learn how to solve mathematical problems by writing down examples from pyramid building to working out how much grain it takes to fatten a goose.
The text includes 84 problems with tables of divisions, multiplications, and handling of fractions; and geometry, including volumes and areas.The scribe, Ahmose, dated the papyrus in year 33 of Apophis, the penultimate king of the Hyksos 15th Dynasty.
The other side of the papyrus mentions ‘year 11’ without a king’s name, but with a reference to the capture of the city of Heliopolis.
The Egyptian History Podcast by Dominic Perry
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Melvyn Bragg is joined by Elizabeth Frood, Associate Professor of Egyptology at the University of Oxford; Kate Spence, Lecturer in Egyptian Archaeology at the University of Cambridge and Campbell Price, Curator of Egypt and Sudan at the Manchester Museum to have a chat about Hatshepsut.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Pharaoh Akhenaten. Guests include Kate Spence, Richard Parkinson and Elizabeth Frood.
Voices from Ancient Egypt Gallery
By John Ray
These are the testimonies of real people, citizens of ancient Egypt; some important, others less so, but all very much alive in the words that survive them.
Performed by Jonathan Keeble and Alison Pettitt
John Ray is Herbert Thompson Reader in Egyptology in the University of Cambridge. He has held posts in the Department of Egyptian Antiquities in the British Museum and in the University of Birmingham.
The first dream: I saw myself in Memphis. I dreamt that the water had flooded up to the statue of Wahibre. My mother was standing on the bank. I cast off my clothes and threw them up into the sky. I swam towards her, to the eastern side. I took some more clothes from Taanupi the washerwoman, and spoke to her saying, “This is the second time that I have crossed over to you. I ferried over to you before – see, there is the landing-stage. I did it and I lodged safely in your house”. She greeted me with the words, “I have the receiving of you”.
Another dream: I found myself in the house of Shepanupi. I dreamt that he had married the woman Tsenqaie. They spoke to him, saying that he loves her. But I replied myself, “She loves her mother, while his heart loves the one whom he loves”
Ancient Egyptian Anecdotes
The Ancient Egyptians in their own words
Illustrated Papyri translations edited for the modern reader.